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View applications. Now that you know the difference between entorno and en torno , you can answer the questions we posed at the beginning, right? Today, we will review this basic but very important ingredient of the Spanish language. We'll begin this lesson by discussing what an article is, and then look at the two main groups of articles we have in Spanish. An article is a word that we use in Spanish to specify the gender and number of a noun.
Finally, we always put articles before a noun. Definite articles in English are easy. In fact, we only have one definite article: the. To the contrary, in Spanish we have four different definite articles: el, la, los, las. In fact, in those cases we need to use the plural form of the masculine noun:. In the example above, we use the article los with the word alumnos students but the speaker is very likely referring to a group of both male and female students.
We also have the neuter definite article lo but if you want a further explanation about this very particular article, please check the lesson about this topic HERE. These articles are un, una, unos and unas :. Caption 9, Conversaciones en el parque - Cap. In this sentence, we use the article unos with the noun amigos friends.
However, just as it happens with the definite article los , we use the indefinite article unos when referring to groups that may include both male and female elements. In this case, some friends could easily include both male and female friends. In this example, both nouns are indefinite so the girls use the corresponding indefinite articles.
If the girls had known some specific information about the tickets and the musical, they would have used definite articles:. That's it for now. If you are aware of the gender and number variables that nouns have in Spanish, you will be on your way to using articles like a pro. Lo: the Neuter Article. A Common Past: ser and ir. We call these words palabras graves. In a previous lesson, we talked about palabras agudas , which are words with the accent on the last syllable.
When we pronounce words in Spanish, the accent is the emphasis we give to a particular syllable of a word. We create that emphasis by giving the syllable a greater intensity, a longer duration, or a higher pitch. Now we can focus on palabras graves , which are also known as palabras llanas. Why not? El lunes , por ejemplo , fui a trabajar. Both lunes lu nes and ejemplo e jem plo have the accent on the second-to-last syllable.
One last thing: There are many words that are agudas in the singular and graves in the plural. Take a look at the following list stressed syllable are in boldface :. If you feel like practicing a little bit more, take one of our videos and try to find all the paroxytone words with and without a tilde. Palabras agudas: Stress at the end. Some Unique Words and Expressions. Too Fast? Today, we will discuss a very common and useful preposition. Just like most prepositions , the preposition a in Spanish can be used in various different ways.
While we usually think of the preposition a as the English equivalent of to , this preposition can also work as in , on , from , by and at. To begin with, we use the preposition a to indicate motion to a particular place :. For example, when we are referring to the moment a particular action started:. Caption 9, [Bears in the Kitchen] Osos en la cocina - Carne asada.
We also use the preposition a in Spanish when we want to indicate the end of a particular period of time :. Caption 69, Negocios - La solicitud de empleo - Part 2. Another very common use of this preposition is when we want to indicate a particular point in a scale time, distance, speed, temperature, etc.
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Finally, we use the preposition a before a direct object when that object is a person. Similarly, we also use this preposition when we want to introduce an indirect object :.
Entonces, nosotros les compramos a las personas para que Please keep in mind that when you have the preposition a next to the article el , the contraction al is mandatory! For this reason, and considering the examples we just mentioned, it would have been wrong to say the following:. That's all for now. Try writing sentences with all the different uses we have mentioned for the preposition a. Ser vs Estar - Yo estoy. Imagine that you want to say the following sentence in Spanish:.
Which one is the correct form? Caption 5, Belanova - Entrevista - Part 2. When we use haber with that intention, we ALWAYS have to use its singular form even if what comes after it is a plural noun! Because of that, the correct answer to our opening question is the following:. Caption 8, 75 minutos - Gangas para ricos - part Caption 31, El Aula Azul - Dos historias. Caption 34, La Sub30 - Familias - Part 4. Caption 43, Salvando el planeta Palabra - Llegada - Part 3. In fact, many people think that what comes after the verb haber is the subject of the sentence, which is not the case.
We hope this lesson will help you to avoid making this very common mistake in Spanish. Using "haber de" to Express Necessity or Possibility. Va a haber: Related forms of "Hay". Notice how the stem stays the same but the endings vary:. Caption 84, Lecciones con Carolina - Adjetivos posesivos - Part 2. The Fisheries Commissioner says that she will evaluate the way to pay that compensation. Caption 50, Europa Abierta - Aguas en discordia. Now, a final challenge: take one of the verbs we just mentioned and try conjugating it in simple present, past and future.
Definite articles in Spanish
The complicated world of reflexive verbs. Combining verbs in Spanish - Part 1 - Infinitives. Combining verbs in Spanish - Part 2- Gerundios y participios. We use idiomatic expressions all the time in our conversations. However, learning to use idiomatic expressions in a foreign language is something that most students find particularly challenging. Try finding more idiomatic expressions in our catalog of videos! Which one we use depends on things like the relation that we have with the person we are talking to or the place where we are.
And what's going on with you, my little boy? However, we conjugate it as a third person singular pronoun! Let's talk about prepositions! Today, we will discuss a very useful preposition that also has lots of meanings. Os voy a contar a We are sleepy. I'm afraid , I'm afraid, I'm afraid!
Let's talk about stress. In Spanish, all words are stressed on one syllable. There are many oxytone words in Spanish.
We all know that irregular verbs are tricky. Very often, however, we can take advantage of those special rules that make the learning process a bit easier. The ordinal numbers express position, order or succession in a series, such as first, second and third. Let's take a look at some of the rules that you need to keep in mind when using ordinal numbers.
Generally speaking, the ordinal numbers in Spanish go before the noun and agree in gender and number with the noun they are describing:. Ordinal numbers can be simple or compound. Simple ordinals have their own form while compound ordinals are made by joining simple numbers. In this case, the ordinals are placed after the noun they describe:.
Remember to memorize and practice the first 10 ordinals as they are commonly used in everyday language! We form demonyms using suffixes, which most of the time need to be consistent with the gender and the number of the noun they are describing. Let's continue learning idiomatic expressions that use names of body parts.
This is a very colloquial expression that you probably won't use in a formal situation:. For example, you can use them to introduce a subordinate clause in a very simple sentence:. You can also combine prepositions with other particles in Spanish. Here's an example:.
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Do you notice the difference? As you can see, English has a different, more convoluted way to express this idea of being reluctant about an action performed by a third person. If you were wondering, you can't express this precise idea in Spanish using the infinitive.
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What did you come for? It's used to confirm that we are on the same page with somebody, that we agree about something:. It can also be used in the negative form:. It's just much more common to use the negative form to stress the daring nature of this expression. I bet you can. That's all for now! We'll explore more of these combinations in future lessons. Spanish Lessons Topics. Additionally, this year there is an area dedicated especially to gastronomy. I think that my mom understood her mistake quickly.
With a bit of practice, we will be able to learn these rules very easily. Color 3. Director 4. Editor 5. Error 6. Exterior 7. Horror Humor Inferior And do you prefer an interior room or an exterior room? Motor Rumor Sector
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